Infra red remote control for home/office appliances


Control any electrical home or office appliance remotely using this project. The project supports switching ON and OFF of up to eight appliances. This project shows the use of infra red LED and a receiver module for wireless communication. A microcontroller is used to establish the right drive signals and communication protocols.

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The Infra red remote control deals with the use of an infrared transmitter and receiver module integrated in a circuit comprising of a peripheral interface controller (PIC) which is a type of Microcontroller made up of a flash memory where a control program is executed. In the transmitter, the program generates a modulated carrier frequency signal of 38 kHz while the receiver module at some distance away receives and decodes the signals. This resulting signal data is fed to a Microcontroller which performs the required logic function of controlling the appropriate appliance. The detailed control sequence is explained through the analysis of the block diagram and flow chat. An overview of the programming language shows the steps in creating the program codes and the functions of the programmer tool which transfers data into the PIC. Different types of remote control systems are also enumerated with a view of their design techniques and development process as well as the advantages of using the Microcontroller.





The illustration above shows the block diagram of the transmitter. Being a mobile device, it is powered by a 9Volt battery. This voltage is regulated down to 5v by a voltage regulator circuit buit around a zener diode and a transistor follower. The regulator provides a steady 5v output used to power the microcontroller. The microcontroller (PIC16F84A), under program control output a modulated square wave signal based on the button pressed. This drive signal is buffered by a transistor amplifier which drives an infra red Light Emitting Diode (LED). The infra red LED emits infra red light pulsed in sequenc with the drive signals.





The Receiver of the project works by detecting the infra red light signals from the transmitter using an Infra red receiver module. This module receives the infra red light and decodes it; providing clean logic signals at its output. The logic signal is fed to a microcontroller which interprets the communication protocol used and then turns on or off the appropriate relay which also controls the appliance on which it is connected to. The relay makes it possible for the system to control high power AC loads or appliances.





I am an Electical and Electronics Engineer / web designer and developer based in Nigeria. ProjectGICS was conceived out of my passion for Electronic Circuits and anything Computer related. I believe there are many out there that share this passion and would love to take it to greater heights. ProjectGICS is dedicated to students, designers and hobbyists in the field of Electronics and Computer who are eager to learn electronics and computer designs. ProjectGICS is all about circuit designs, programming and construction of things that can be fun, lucrative and can help solve a problem. The Electronic Components and Kits Store allows you shop items for your projects; Allowing you bring your project ideas to life without limitations. I can't wait to hear from you on the successes you have achieved through ProjectGICS.


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